Nonspecific bacterial flora isolated from the body surface and inside Ixodes ricinus ticks
Hubert Okła, Malwina Sosnowska, Krzysztof P. Jasik, Jan Słodki, Robert D. Wojtyczka Pol J Microbiol 2012; 61 (3): ICID: 1014508 Article type: Original article IC™ Value: 10.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Ixodes ricinus and other representatives of the order Ixodida are vectors of typical pathogens: Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilium, Babesia spp., a tick-borne encephalitis virus, and other microorganisms which are important from a medical and veterinary point of view. Therefore, the present studies have focused on the verification of nonspecific bacterial flora in I. ricinus.
The analysed material were ticks collected in a forest region in Silesia, an industrial district in Poland. Methods of classical microbiology and biochemical assays (API 20 NE test, API Staph test and MICRONAUT System) were used for isolation and identification of microorganisms living on the body surface of I. ricinus and inside the tick.
The results show the presence of various bacteria on the surface and inside ticks' bodies: Acinetobacter lwoffi, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Aeromonas hydrophila, Achromobacter denitrificans, Alcaligenes faecalis, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, Micrococcus spp., Kocuria varians, Staphylococcus lentus, Kocuria kristinae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Rhizobium radiobacter, Staphylococcus xylosus. A lot of them are non-pathogenic environmental microorganisms, but some of the isolated bacterial strains could cause severe infections.