Production and partial characterization of high molecular weight extracellular alpha-amylase from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris isolated from Egyptian soil.

M I Abou Dobara, A K El-Sayed, A A El-Fallal, N F Omar
Pol J Microbiol
2011; 60 (1):
ICID: 1031467
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 14.01
Abstract provided by Publisher
Optimizing production of alpha-amylase production by Thermoactinomyces vulgaris isolated from Egyptian soil was studied. The optimum incubation period, temperature and initial pH of medium for organism growth and enzyme yield were around 24 h, 55 degrees C and 7.0, respectively. Maximum alpha-amylase activity was observed in a medium containing starch as carbon source. The other tested carbohydrates (cellulose, glucose, galactose, xylose, arabinose, lactose and maltose) inhibited the enzyme production. Adding tryptone as a nitrogen source exhibited a maximum activity of alpha-amylase. Bactopeptone and yeast extract gave also high activity comparing to the other nitrogen sources (NH4CI, NH4NO3, NaNO3, KNO3, CH3CO2NH4). Electrophoresis profile of the produced two alpha-amylase isozymes indicated that the same pattern at about 135-145 kDa under different conditions. The optimum pH and temperature of the enzyme activity were 8.0 and 60 degrees C, respectively and enzyme was stable at 50 degrees C over 6 hours. The enzyme was significantly inhibited by the addition of metal ions (Na+, Co2+ and Ca2+) whereas CI- seemed to act as activator. The enzyme was not affected by 0.1 mM EDTA while higher concentration (10 mM EDTA) totally inactivated the enzyme.
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