Identification of Genomic Heterogeneity among Lactococcus lactis Strains by Plasmid Profiling, PFGE and 16S rDNA Sequence Analysis
Ozlem Gunay-Esiyok, Nefise Akcelik, Mustafa Akcelik Pol J Microbiol 2014; 63 (2): ICID: 1115550 Article type: Original article IC™ Value: 10.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Lactococcus lactis strains are used commonly as starters, which contribute to desirable flavour and texture properties known as strain-specific, in dairy industry. Genomic heterogeneity of 30 L. lactis strains originating from Turkey and characterized phenotypically were investigated in this study. Plasmid profiling, PFGE and 16S rDNA sequence analyses were performed to determine the genetic variability of strains. High degree of heterogeneity was detected among the L. lactis strains. Plasmid profiles of strains showed that compared to the plasmid free control strains, namely; L. lactis subsp. lactis IL1403 and L. lactis subsp. cremoris MG1614, all tested strains carried one to ten plasmids with molecular size ranging from 1.5 to 41.5 kb. The fingerprints of strains obtained by PFGE from digestion with ApaI, SmaI and I-CeuI restriction endonucleases of chromosomal DNA’s were compared with each other. All strains out of four were grouped into a large cluster A with at least 44 % similarity level. The other four strains formed a minor cluster B, distinctively different from major cluster A. PFGE results were confirmed by 16S rDNA sequence analysis and strains included in cluster B were identified as members of different species. These results suggested that morphologic and biochemical methods should be verified by reliable molecular approaches for the purpose of strain typing. Also, PFGE was found suitable to determine genomic differentiations among inter- and intra species.