Larvicidal and Repellent Properties of Streptomyces sp. VITJS4 Crude Extract against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)
S. Jemimah Naine, C. Subathra Devi Pol J Microbiol 2014; 63 (3): ICID: 1122693 Article type: Original article IC™ Value: 10.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
The aim of the present study was to assess the larvicidal and repellent property of marine Streptomyces sp VITJS4 crude extracts. The marine soil samples were collected from the Puducherry coast, Tamil Nadu, India. The isolate Streptomyces sp VITJS4 was taxonomically characterized and identified. The ethyl acetate crude extract tested for larvicidal property showed 100 % mortality for all the 3 species after 24 h exposure against the early fourth instar larvae of malarial vector - Anopheles stephensi at 50% and 90% lethal concentration (LC50=132.86, LC90 396.14 ppm); dengue vector - Aedes aegypti (LC50=112.78, LC90 336.42ppm) and filariasis vector -Culex quinquefasciatus (LC50=156.53, LC90 468.37ppm). The Streptomyces sp VITJS4 solvent extracts of hexane, ethyl acetate, benzene, chloroform and methanol were tested for the repellent activity against A. stephensi, A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus. The ethyl acetate extract showed complete protection for 210 min at 6 mg/cm2 against these mosquito bites. The crude extract was analyzed further for Fourier Transform - infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis. In addition to the importance of bioactive compounds, the utilization of Streptomyces sp VITJS4 crude extracts revealed the effective larvicidal and repellent activity against the vectors which perhaps represents a promising tool in the management of mosquito control.