Biologically-Induced Precipitation of Minerals in a Medium with Zinc Under Sulfate-Reducing Conditions

Dorota Wolicka, Andrzej Borkowski, Urszula Jankiewicz, Paweł Kowalczyk, Wojciech Stępień
Pol J Microbiol
2015; 64 (2):
ICID: 1160946
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 10.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
 
Sulfate-reducing microbial communities were enriched from soils collected in areas with crude-oil exploitation. Cultures were grown in modified Postgate C medium and minimal medium, with ethanol or lactate as an electron donor. The batch cultures were grown with addition of zinc in concentrations of 100–700 mg/l. A lack of increased protein concentration in the solutions compared with the control batch, was noted in cultures containing over 200 mg Zn2+/l. The 16S rRNA method was applied to determine the specific composition of the selected microorganism communities. The analysis indicated the presence of Desulfovibrio spp., Desulfobulbus spp. and Desulfotomaculum spp. in the communities. Diffractometric analysis indicated the presence of biogenic sphalerite in cultures with 100 and 200 mg Zn2+/l and elemental sulfur in cultures with 200 mg Zn2+/l. Other post culture sediments (300−700 mg Zn2+/l) contained only hopeite [Zn3(PO4)2 . 4H2O] formed abiotically during the experiment, which was confirmed by studies of the activity of sulfate-reducing microbial communities.
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